It is a
2 Raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In each raka't recite Sooratul Faatih'ah, recite Sooratul
Ikhlaas 12 times.
(b) After Salaam recite the following Dua'a:
(For Arabic Text please see "Mafateehul
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
In the name of Allah the Beneficent the
My Allah! Submissive all voices are low &
hushed before Thee. Lost & bewildered are minds and thoughts in Thy "supreme
Everything stands in awe of Thee.
Everything takes refuge with Thee.
In trouble & distress are all things if cut off from
Filled with Thy "Light" are all things.
Thou art Sublime in Thy majesty.
Thou art elegantly Resplendent in Thy graceful purity.
Thou art Absolute in Thy authority.
Thou art He Whom nothing can do any harm.
O Bestowed of bounties!
O Disperser of sorrows!
O Fulfiller of desires!
Give me what I desire, in the name of "There is no God
I seek refuge with Thee, sincere in my faith for Thee,
& live in the hope of Thy promise & surety, which have the credentials to
give hope of Thy bounties, and forgiveness of sins, that cannot be done by
O He Who is near & close at hand though highest, and in
His nearness is the Highest High, in His splendor the Resplendent, and in
His authority the most Powerful.
Send blessings on Mohammed & on the children of Mohammed.
Hazrat Imam Musa al-Kazim is the Seveth Apostolic Imam. His epithet was
Abu 'l-Hasan and his famous title was al-Kazim. His matchless devotion
and worship of God has also earned him the title of "Abdu 's-Salih''
(virtuous slave of God). Generosity was synonymous with his name and
no beggar ever returned from his door empty handed. Even after his
death, he continued to be obliging and was generous to his devotees who
came to his holy tomb with prayers and behest which were invariably
granted by God. Thus, one of his additional titles is also ``Babu 'l-Hawaij''
(the door to fulfilling needs). He was the son of Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq,
the Sixth Imam. The name of his mother was Hamidah, the daughter of a
noble man hailing from the States of Barbary.
Imam Musa al-Kazim passed twenty years of his sacred
life under the gracious patronage of his holy father. His inherent
genius and gifted virtues combined with the enlightened guidance and
education from the Holy Imam ja`far as-Sadiq, showed in the
manifestation of his future personality. He was fully versed with the
Divine Knowledge even in his childhood. al-`Allamah al-Majlisi relates
that once Abu Hanifah happened to call upon the holy abode of Imam
Ja`far as-Sadiq to ask him about some religious matters ( masa'il ). The
Imam was asleep and so he kept waiting outside till the Imam's
awakening. Meanwhile, Imam Musa al-Kazim, who was then five years old,
came out of his house. Abu Hanifah, after offering him his best
``O the son of the Holy Prophet ! what is your opinion
about the deeds of a man ? Does he do them by himself or does God make
him do them ?'' ``O Abu Hanifah'', the five years old Imam replied at
once, in the typical tone of his ancestors,
``the doings of a man are confined to three
possibilities. First, that God alone does them while the man is quite
helpless. Second, that both God and the man do equally share the
commitment. Third, that man does them alone. Now, if the first
assumption is true, it obviously proves the unjustness of God who
punishes His creatures for sins which they have not committed. And if
the second condition be acceptable, even then God becomes unjust if He
punishes the man for the crimes in which He is equally a partner. But
the undesirability of both these conditions is evident in the case of
God. Thus, we are naturally left with the third alternative to the
problem that men are absolutely responsible for their own doing.''
The Holy Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq breathed his last on 25th
Shawwal 148 AH, and with effect from the same date Imam Musa al-Kazim
succeeded the holy office of Immamate as the Seventh Imam. The priod of
his Imamate continued for thirty-five years. In the first decade of his
Imamate, Imam Musa al-Kazim could afford a peaceful execution of the
responsibilities of his sacred office and carried on the propagation of
the taachings of the Holy Prophet. But soon after, he fell a victim to
the ruling kings and a greater part of his life passed in prison.
Imam Musa al-Kazim lived under the most crucial times
in the regimes of the despotic `Abbasid kings who were marked for their
tyrannical and cruel administration. He witnessed the reings of
ar-Mansur ad-Dawaniqi, al-Mahdi and Harun ar-Rashid. al-Mansur and Harun
ar-Rashid were the despotic kings who put a multitude of innocent
descendants of the Holy Prophet to the sword. Thousands of these martyrs
were buried alive inside walls or put into horrible dark prisons during
their lifetime. These depraved caliphs knew no pity or justice and they
killed and tortured for the pleasure they derived from human sufferings.
The Holy Imam was saved from the tyranny of al-Mansur because the king,
being occupied with his project of constructing the new city of Baghdad,
could not get time to turn towards victimizing the Imam. By 157 AH the
city of Baghded was built. This was soon followed by the death of its
founder a year later. After al-Mansur, his son al-Mahdi ascended the
throne. For a few years he remained indifferent towards the Imam. When
in 164 AH he came to Medina and heard about the great reputation of the
Imam, he could not resist his jealousy and the spark of his ancestral
malice against the Ahlu 'l-bayt was rekindled. He somehow managed to
take the Imam along with him to Baghdad and got him imprisoned there.
But after a year he realized his mistake and released the Imam from
jail. al-Mahdi was succeeded by al-Hadi who lived only for a year. Now,
in 170 AH, the most cruel and tyrannical king Harun ar-Rashid appeared
at the head of the `Abbasid Empire. It was during his reign that the
Holy Imam passed the greater part of his life in a miserable prison till
ha was poisoned.
Moral and Ethical Excellence
As regards his morality and ethical excellence, Ibn
Hajar al-Haytami remarks :
``The patience and forbearance of Imam Musa al-Kazim
was such that he was given the title of `al-Kazim' (one who swallows
down his anger). He was the embodiment of virtue and generosity. He
devoted his nights to the prayers of God and his days to fasting. He
always forgave those who did wrong to him,'' His king and generous
attitude towards the people was such that he used to patronize and help
the poor and destitute of Medina and provide for them cash, food,
clothes and other necessitates of sustenance secretly. It continued to
be a riddle for the receivers of gifts throughout the Imam's lifetime as
to who their benefactor was, but the secret was not revealed until after
Time and circumstances did not permit the Holy Imam
Musa al-Kazim to establish institutions to impart religious knowledge to
his followers as his father, Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq and his grandfather,
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir had done. He was never allowed to address a
congregation. He carried on his mission of preaching and guiding people
In 179 AH, Harun ar-Rashid visited Medina. The fire of
malice and jealousy against the Ahul 'l-bayt was kindled in his heart
when he saw the great influence and popularity which the Holy Imam
enjoyed amongst the people there. He got the Imam arrested while he was
busy in prayer at the tomb of the Holy Prophet and kept him in prison in
Baghded for a period of about four years. On the 25th Rajab 183 AH, he
got the Imam martyred by poison. Even his corpse was not spared
humiliation and was taken out of the prison and left on the Bridge of
Baghdad. His devotees, however, managed to lay the holy body of the Imam
to rest in al-Kazimiyyah ( Iraq ).
1. I found the knowledge of people in four things: firstly, that you know your LORD (recognition of Allah), Secondly, that you know it as to what factors He made use of in creating you, thirdly, that you know as to what does he
want & intend from you, & fourthly that you learn what is it that will
expel you from your religion.
2. Cursed is the one who backbites against one's brother (fellow Muslim).
3. Comprehend & understand the religion of Allah, for jurisprudence
is the key to vision & the completion of worship & the cause of reaching the lofty grades & magnanimous station is the world & hereafter.
And the superiority & magnanimity of jurisprudent over the adorer & worshiper is like that of the superiority of sun to the stars. And Allah does not get pleased with (accept) any practice of that person who does not achieve the comprehension & understanding of his religion.
4. Put in endeavor & exercise effort that your time is scheduled into four parts.
A part for the supplication to Allah & an other part for the affairs of economy & livelihood & still another part for social contact with the brothers & the persons of confidence who may let you learn your short
comings & faults & they have a sincere interior (heart) for you.
And a part to enjoy the un forbidden & lawful entertainments. And with this part of time you get the strength of
vigor for the (rest of) three other parts of time.
5. Oh Hisham! a man is not faithful till such time that he gets fearful (&) hopeful. And he will
not become fearful & hopeful unless & until he becomes the conjuror & doer of that which he fears & hopes i.e. (He practices according to the requirement & needs of the fear & hope.
6. Indeed, the greatest & biggest of all the people in worth & value is the person who does not consider the world a station & abode for himself more over, there is no price & worth of your bodies
except the paradise, so do not sell them without (achieving) it.
7. Bad is the person who has two faces & two tongues (double cross & hypocrite). He praises & commends his brother (in faith) in his presence & when he is absent he back bites & slanders him. If he achieves (something) he gets jealous of him & if he is afflicted he leaves & abandons him (Does not help him).
8. A person who does not observe any progress & development in himself, his two days are equal is a looser.
9. Oh Hisham! if there be a walnut in your hand & the people say it is a pearl, this will not provide you any benefit where as you know that, its a walnut.
And if there is a pearl in your hand & people says, its a walnut, there would be no harm to you while you know that, that is a pearl.
10. Oh Hisham! there is a proof & logic for everything & the proof of that intelligent person is his meditation & the proof of meditation is quietness.