Imam Muhammad ibn Ali (AS)
The Life of Imam Muhammad ibn 'Ali al-Baqir (AS)
     NAME :   Mohammed
     IMAMAAT :   5th Imam from the silsila-e-Imamaat
     TITLE :   Baqir, Abu Jaffer
     FATHER :   Imam Zain-ul-Abideen (AS)-4th Imam
     MOTHER :   Hazrat Fatima bint-e-Hassan. He is the descendent of BANI HASHIM both from the paternal & Maternal sides. 
     BIRTH DATE :   1st Rajab 57th Hijrah
     AGE :   57 Years
     DIED ON :   Monday 7th Zilhijah 114 Hijrah
     DEATH PLACE :   Medina
     HOLY SHRINE :   Janat-ul-Baqi, graveyard of Medina
     * Ziyarat Of Hazrat Imam Mohammed Baqir (AS) is recited specially on Tuesdays

It is a 2 Raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In each raka't recite Sooratul Faatih'ah, recite 100 times:
    "Sub'haan Allaahi Wal H'amdulilLaahi Wa Laa Ilaaha Illallaahu Wallaahu Akbar"
(b) After Salaam recite the following Dua'a:


(For Arabic Text please see "Mafateehul Jinaan")
     O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Mohammad.
     In the name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful.
     O my Allah! I beseech Thee,
     O Gentle and Considerate, Who is tolerant, and gives respite; Forgiving, Loving, overlooks my mistakes.
     Good that I have is from Thee, & that which Thou bestows on me from Thy free gifts makes me act.
     Thou encourages me & guides me while I make efforts in obedience to Thy commands  Thy Messenger's instructions; and what Thou gives me freely from Thy bounties is Thy kindest favor.
     O my Allah! Give me that which befits Thee.
     Do not do that which I deserve.
     Only that _which Thine (yours).
     Do not make me run after anything desirable except it comes from Thee.
     O The Best of all those who see and recognize.
     O The Best of all those who hear & pay attention!
     O The Best of All those who exercise authority & judge!
     O Companion of the fugitives!
     O He Who gives answer to those who cry in anguish!
     Send blessings on Mohammed & on the children of Mohammed.

3 years, 6 months & 10 days along with his grand father Imam Hussain (AS)
34 years & 15 days at the service of his father Imam Zainul A'abideen (AS)
Period of his own Imamate was 19 years 10 months & 12 days.

     THE HOLY Imam Muhammad al-Baqir is the Fifth Apostolic Imam. His epithet was Abu Ja`far and he was popularly titled "al-Baqir''. His mother was the daughter of Imam Hasan. Thus, he was the only Imam who was connected with Hadrat Fatimatu 'z-Zahra', both from his paternal and maternal sides. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was brought up in the holy lop of his grandfather Imam Husayn, for three years. For thity-four years he was under the gracious patronage of his father, `Ali Zaynu 'l-`Abidin.
     The Holy Imam was present in Karbala' at the time of the gruesome tragedy of the wholesale massacre of his grandfather Imam Husayn and his companions. He also suffered with his father and the ladies of the House of the Prophet (Ahlu 'l-bayt) the heartless captivity and imprisonment at the hands of the devilish forces at the command of Yazid ibn Mu`awiyah
     After the tragedy of Karbala', the Imam passed his time peacefully in Medina praying to Allah and guiding the people to the right path. The downfall of the Umayyads had begun since Yazid, the son of Mu`awiyah, had slaughtered Imam Husayn. Yazid himself had completely realized the evil consequences of his deeds even during the short period of his rule. His son Mu`awiyah, the second, refused to accept the caliphate saying: I cannot favor such a throne which has been erected on the basis of oppression and tyranny. Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, a famous scholar belonging to the Sunnite School says:
     "Imam Muhammad al-Baqir has disclosed the secrets of knowledge and wisdom and unfolded the principles of spiritual and religious guidance. Nobody can deny his exalted character, his God-given knowledge, his divinely-gifted wisdom and his obligation and gratitude towards spreading of knowledge".
     He was a sacred and highly talented spiritual leader and and for this reason he was popularly titled `al-Baqi' which means `the exponder of knowledge'. Kind of heart, spotless in character, sacred by soul and noble by nature, the Imam devoted all his time in submission to Allah (and in advocating the teachings of the Holy Prophet and his descendants). It is beyond the power of a man to count the deep impression of knowledge and guidance left by the Imam on the hearts of the faithful.
     His sayings in devotion and abstinence, in knowledge and wisdom, and in religious exercise and submission to Allah are so great in number that the volume of this book is quite insufficient to cover them all.'' (as-Sawai`qu 'l-muhriqah, p. 120) The Holy Imam managed to collect the teachings and reforms of the Holy Prophet and his Ahlu 'l-bayt in the from of books. His pupils compiled books on different branches of science and arts under his instructions and guidance. In the excellence of his personal purity and godly traits, the Holy Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was a model of the Holy Prophet and his great grandfather, Ali ibn Abi Talib. His admonitions created a spiritual sensation among the Muslims in general. He was not only hospitable even to his worst enemies but also used to continually exhort them to the right path. He urged people to earn their livelihood by their own hard work.
     The Holy Imam gave much importance to convening majalis (meetings) in commemoration of the martyrdom of Imam Husayn. Kumayt ibn Zayd al-Asadi, one of the most famous and highly talented poets of that time, used to recite the elegy of Imam Husayn in those majalis. Such type of majalis were also greatly encouraged by Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq and Imam `Ali ar-Rida, the Sixth and the Eighth Imams. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir continued his preaching peacefully till 114 AH. On the 7th Dhi 'l-hijjah when he was fifty-seven years old, Hisham ibn `Abdi 'l-Malik ibn Marwan, the then ruler, got him martyred through poison. The funeral prayers for this Holy Imam were conducted by his son Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq, the Six Imam, and his body was laid to rest in jannaru 'l-Baqir` in Medina.

Al-`Allamah at-Tabataba'i writes
Imam Muhammad ibn `Ali al-Baqir (the word `baqir meaning he who cuts and dissects, a title given to him by the Prophet) was the son of the Fourth Imam and was born in 57/675. He was present at the event of Karbala' when he was four years old. After his father, through Divine Command and the decree of those who went bafore him, he became Imam. In the year 114/732 he died, according to some Shi`ite traditions, he was poisioned by Ibrahim ibn al-Walid ibn `Abdillah, the nephew of Hisham, the Umayyad caliph. During the Imamate of the Fifth Imam, as a result of the injustice of the Umayyads, revolts and wars broke out in some corner of the Islamic world every day. Moreover, there were disputes within the Umayyad family itself which kept the caliphate busy and to a certain extent left the members of the Household of the Prophet alon. From the other side, the tragedy of Karbala' and the oppression suffered by the Household of the Prophet, of which the Fourth Imam was the most noteworthy embodiment, had attracted many Muslims to the Imam. These factors combined to make it possible for people and especially the Shi`ites to go in great numbers to Medina and to come into the presence of the Fifth Imam. Possibilities for disseminating the truth about Islam and the sciences of the Household of the Prophet, which had never existed for the Imams before him, were presented by the Fifth Imam. The proof of this fact is the innumerable traditions recounted from the Fifth Imam and the large number of illustrious men of science and Shi`ite scholars who were trained by him in different Islamic sciences. These names are listed in books of biographies of famous men in Islam. (Shi`ite Islam)

1. The one who goes to an oppressor & tyrant ruler & instructs him to acquire piety & scares him & admonishes preaches, & exhorts him he would have a reward similar & equivalent to both weighty beings the mankind & the Jinn & the similar (quantity) of their good deeds.

2. The person who loves for the sake of Allah & detests & despises for the sake of Allah & give for the sake of Allah is among those whose faith has achieved completion.

3. Indeed, faithful is the one who, when pleased & glad his pleasure does not make him enter into sin & falsehood (he does not commit any sin while happy). And when unhappy & angry his anger does not oust him from the word of righteousness.
(He does not abandon the right course) And when he gains powers his power does not make him commit excess & oppression & make him go for a thing upon which he does not have any right.

4. There is no servant except that there exists a white spot upo n his heart. so when he commits a sin a black spot arises into that white spot.
So when he repents this black spot moves away. And if he continues on committing sins the blackness of this spot increases till such time it overwhelms & over rides the whiteness. When the whiteness is covered over (by the blackness) the owner of it (heart) does never at all return to wards beneficence & goodness. And this is what Allah means when he says:
"Nay! rather, what they used to do has become like a rust upon their hearts.

6. Indeed, when a man earns the wealth from Haram (prohibited) sources, no Hajj & no umrah & no strengthening of his blood kinship is never at all accepted & approved (by Almighty God).

7. The completion, entire completion of a man lies in understanding & appreciating the religion (the necessary laws of & principles of jurisprudence), the patience & forbearance upon the occurrence of incidents & the appraisement & assessment of (his) economy.

8. There are three things out of the completions & worth & values of the world & there after:
 a. Forgiving the one who has committed excess & aggression against you.
 b. Joining the own who cuts off relations & ties with you.
 c. Forbearance & tolerance for the one who committed a folly & showed insane behavior & conduct towards you.

9. The scholar whose knowledge is made use of & benefited from, is worthier & more virtuous than seventy thousand worshippers & adorers.

10. Beware! caution! Do not acquire enmity because it rotten & turns the heart evil & causes to develop hypocrisy.

11. Indeed, the most terrifically sorry of all the people on the resurrection day will be the servant who defines & shows the way of justice to the people & himself opposes it.

12. Whosever's tongue utters the truth, his practice becomes purified & the one whose intention is decent & good, his sustenance boosts up & increases. And who ever adopts a decent & nice attitude & behavior with his family his life be lengthens.

13. Nobody remains safe from sin unless he guards his tongue.

14. Consider the world as an abode where in you have dropped down for an hour & then you have got to leave it & go ahead or (suppose it) like the wealth which you lay hands upon in the dream & get overjoyed & glad. Then you wake up to find yourself empty handed.

15. Three things are back breaking:
 a. A person who considers his practice as exorbitant.
 b. A person who forgets his sins.
 c. person who is pleased with his opinion & view (considering it superior).

16. The one whose appearance & apparent looks are better than his interior condition his scale of practice is light (weightless).

17. Heaven is surrounded by unpleasantness & patience. So, the one who remains patient over it's, unpleasantness in the world, enters the paradise. And the hell is surrounded by pleasure & lusts. So the one who allows (gives) himself it's pleasure & lustful desire enters the hell fire.

18. If people come to know what (evil) lies in begging, No one will beg from the other & if the one who is begged from knows the evil of rejecting the one who begs, nobody will turn down anyone's request.

19. He who repents of his sins is as the one who has not any (burden of) sin.

20. Try to learn knowledge because learning it is a good action and study is itself a worship.

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