It is a
4 Raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In first raka't, recitation of Sooratul Faatih'ah, recite
Zilzaal 15 times.
(b) In second raka't, after Sooratul Faatih'ah, recite Sooratul
Ikhlaas 15 times.
(c) After Salaam recite the following Dua'a:
(For Arabic Text please see "Mafateehul
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
In the name of Allah the Beneficent the
O my Allah!
I beseech Thee, because (all) praise is for Thee,
There is no God except Thou, the ever Foremost First,
before all things, and Thou art Ever living Everlasting,
There is no God except Thou, nothing can sneak away
from Thee, Thou, at all times exercises universal authority.
There is no God except Thou, Creator of that which is
seen, & that which is not seen, fully aware of all things, not needing any
source of information.
I beseech Thee, in the name of the benefits Thou
distributes freely, & the bounties Thou bestow generously, (referring to the
fact that) certainly Thou art Allah, the One & the Only Lord,
There is no God except Thou, the Beneficent, the
And I Beseech Thee, (with sure belief that) Thou art
Allah, There is no God except Thou, the Single Unique, the One &
Ever-Independent, Who gives birth to no one, nor anyone gave birth to Him &
there is none comparable (or like) unto Him
And I beseech Thee, (with sure belief that), There is
no God except Thou, The Subtle, The All Aware, Vigilant and Enduring over
every soul, so that it earns the daily bread & gather knowledge, the
Preserver, the Protector.
And I beseech Thee, (with sure belief that) Thou art
Allah, the Ever-Foremost, before existence of all things, The Ever-Lasting,
after all things disappear, Who penetrates the heart of everything, the
Punisher, the Rewarder, the Wise, the All-Knowing.
And I beseech Thee, (with sure belief that), Thou art
Allah, there is no God except Thou, the Ever-living, the Ever-Lasting, the
Cause, the Inheritance, the Compassionate, the Benefactor, Creator of the
heavens & the earth, the Majestic Lord, the Loving Lord,
The Generous Lord,
The Honorable Lord,
The Sovereign Lord,
There is no God except Thou, Thy wisdom surrounds
everything, & keeps count of all things,
Send blessings on Mohammed & on the children of Mohammed.
Imam Hasan al-`Askari spent twenty-two years of his life under the
patronage of his father , Imam `Ali al-Hadi (an-Naqi) after whose
martyrdom he became his divinely commissioned Imam. Imam Hasan ibn `Ali
al-`Askari , the son of the Tenth Imam , was born in 232/845 and
according to some Shi`ite sources was poisoned and killed in 260/872
through the instigation of the `Abbasid caliph al-Mu`tamid. The Eleventh
Imam gained the Imamate , after the death of his noble father , through
Divine Command and through the decree of the previous Imams.
During the seven years of his Imamate , due to untold
restrictions placed upon him by the caliphate , he lived in hiding and
dissimulation (taqiyyah). He did not have any social contact with even
the common people among the Shi'ites population. Only the elite of the Shia were able to see him. Even so ,
he spent most of his time in
prison. There was extreme repression at that time because the Shi'ites
population had reached a considerable level in both numbers and power.
Everyone know that the Shia believed in the Imamate , and the identity
of the Shi'ites Imams was also known. Therefore , the caliphate kept the
Imams under its close supervision more than ever before. It tried
through every possible means and through secret plans to remove and
destroy them. Also , the caliphate had come to know that the elite among
the Shia believed that the Eleventh Imam , according to traditions cited
by him as well as his , forefathers , would have a son who was the
promised Mahdi. The coming of the Mahdi had been foretold in
authenticated hadith of the Prophet in both Sunni and Shi'ites sources.
For this reason the Eleventh Imam , more than other Imams , was kept
under close watch by the caliphate. The caliph of the time had
decided definitely to put an end to the Imamate in Shi`ism through every
possible means and to close the door to the Imamate once and for all.
Therefore , as soon as the news of the illness of the Eleventh Imam
reached al-Mu`tamid , he sent a physician and a few of his trusted
agents and judges to the house of the Imam to be with him and observe
his condition and the situation within his house at all times. After the
death of the Imam , they had the house investigated and all his female
slaves examined by the midwife.
For two years the secret agents of the caliph searched
for the successor of the Imam until they lost all hope. The Eleventh
Imam was buried in his house in Samarra' next to his noble father.