It is a
2 Raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In first raka't after recitation of Sooratul Faatih'ah, recite
(b) In second raka't recite Sooratul Faatih'ah & Sooratul
(c) After Salaam recite the following Dua'a:
(For Arabic Text please see "Mafateehul
Jinaan" or go to www.duas.org)
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
In the name of Allah the Beneficent the
O The Foremost Beneficent!
O Object of Love!
O He Who sees every unseen!
O He Who is near without being away (from any other
O He Who (always) prevails (but) is never over powered!
O He Whom no one knows how He is, except He!
O He Whose authority no one can challenge!
I beseech Thee,
O my Allah, in Thy name, well guarded, treasured,
concealed, from whom Thou wills Pure, Purified, Holy, Pure Light, Ever
living, Everlasting, Greatest, Light of the Heavens, & Light of the earth,
knower of the unseen, All-Aware, Highest, Sublime, Glorious!
Send blessings on Mohammed & on the children of Mohammed.
THE TENTH Holy Imam, like his father, was also elevated to the rank of Imam
in his childhood. He was six years old when his father Imam Muhammad al-Jawad
died. After the death of al-Ma'mun, al-mu`tasim succeeded him, and was later
followed by the caliph al-Wathiq. In the first five years of the reign of
al- Wathiq, Imam Ali al-Hadi (an-Naqi) lived peacefully. After al-Wathiq,
al-Mutawakkil came to power. Being too occupied in State affairs, al-Mutawakkil
did not get any time to harass the Imam and his followers for four years.
But as soon as he freed himself from State affairs, he started to molest the
Imam. The Holy Imam devoted himself to the sacred mission of preaching in
Medina and did thus earn the faith of the people as well as their allegiance
and recognition of his great knowledge and attributes. This reputation of
the Imam evoked the jealousy and malice of al-Mutawakkil against him. The
governor of Medina wrote to al-Mutawakkil that Imam
`Ali al-Hadi had been
maneuvering a coup against the government and a multitude of Shi'ites were
pledged to his support."
Although enraged by this news al-Mutawakkil still
preferred the diplomacy of not arresting the Holy Imam. Under the garb of
pretended respect and love towards the Imam, he planned to put him under
life imprisonment after inviting him to his palace. Prior to his
imprisonment, in a series of correspondence with the Imam, he expressed the
view that he was convinced of all the claims of the Imam and was ready to
settle them amicably.
He wrote to the Imam that having been acquainted with
his great personality, his matchless knowledge and his peerless attributes,
he was impatiently looking forward to the honor of seeing him, and he most
cordially invited him to Samarra'. Although the Imam was well aware of al-Mutawakkil's
treacherous intentions, he anticipating the fatal consequences of refusing
the offer, reluctantly decided to leave Medina. But when the Imam arrived at
Samarra' and al-Mutawakkil was informed about it, he took no notice of the
Imam's arrival. when asked about where the Imam should stay, he ordered that
the Imam should be put up in the inn meant for beggars, destitute and
homeless people. al-Mutawakkil who was a deadly enemy of the Ahlu 'l-bayt,
removed the Imam from this inn and entrusted him to the custody of a
stone-hearted brute named Zurafah. But, by the grace of Allah, his enmity
was, in a short time, transformed into love and devotion for the Imam. When
al-Mutawakkil learnt about it, he shifted the Imam into the custody of
another cruel man called Sa'id. The Imam remained under his strict vigilance
for a number of years, during which he was subjected to boundless tortures.
But even in this miserable imprisonment, the Imam kept devoting himself at
all times to the worship of Allah. The watchman of the prison used to
comment that Imam
`Ali al-Hadi seemed to be an angel in human garb".
When Fath ibn Khaqan became the vizier of al-Mutawakkil, he being a Shi`ah could
not stand the idea of the Imam's captivity. He endeavored to have him
released from imprisonment and arranged for his comfortable residence in a
personally purchased house at Samaraa'. Still al-Mutawakkil could hardly
refrain from his antagonism to the Imam and he appointed spies to watch the
Imam and his connections. But through all these attempts, his hope of
creating some fabrication to prove the Imam's activity against himself could
not be realized. In the time of al-Mutawakkil there was a woman named Zaynab
who claimed to be a decendant of Imam Husayn. al-Mutawakkil sought the
confirmation of Zaynab's claim from the Imam and said :
"That as the beasts are prohibited to eat the flesh of
the descendants of Imam Husayn he would throw Zaynab to the beasts and test
On hearing this, Zaynab began to tremble and confessed that she was a fake.
al-Mutawakkil then ordered the Imam to be thrown to the beasts to test the
claim. To his great surprise, he witnessed the beasts prostrating their
heads before the Imam.
Once al-Mutawakkil happened to suffer from a serious
malady which was eventually declared incurable by his physicians. When the
Imam was approached for some remedy, he prescribed an application which
resulted in a spontaneous cure. Once al-Mutawakkil was informed that the
Imam was preparing a revolt against him. Thereupon, he ordered a detachment
of the army to launch a raid on the Imam's residence. When the soldiers
entered his house, they found him sitting on a mat, reciting the Holy Qur'an.
Not only al-Mutawakkil, but his successors' opposition to the Imam was
fierce. After the death of al-Mutawakkil, al-Mustansir, al-Musta`in and al-Mu`tazz
carried on the same mission of harassment against the family of the Imam. al-Mu`tazz,
understanding the uncontrollable and intense devotion of the people towards
the Imam, eventually contrived the Imam's assassination. He got him poisoned
through an ambassador which resulted in the Imam's death within a few hours.
The martyrdom occurred on 26th Jumada 'th-thaniyah 254 AH, and his funeral
prayer was conducted by his son, Imam Hasan al-`Askari. The Imam was only
forty-two years old at the time of death. The period of his Imamate was
thirty-five years. He was buried in Sammarra' Iraq.